The incidence of diabetes increases every year. More and more people suffer from an incurable disease. The first thing that patients face after making a diagnosis is the need to change their diet. Some approach this issue too drastically, completely limiting themselves in everything, depriving the body of essential nutrients. Of course, the deficiency can be compensated by synthetic vitamins, but a balanced diet brings much more benefit. One of the food products that is forgotten, but it is necessary - peanuts for diabetes.
Peanuts were brought from South America, it is often referred to as peanuts, which is wrong from a biological point of view. This plant is not a nut, but belongs to the genus of legumes. Hard shell provides long-term storage of seed, retains nutrients. The bob is covered with a brown-skinned skin that is not recommended for consumption, it can cause diarrhea. Purified seed is eaten in a variety of ways - raw, fried, in pasta and oil.
Who can eat peanuts for diabetes?
There are two main forms of diabetes. In type 1, insulin formation is impaired. With type 2, the production of pancreatic secretion is insufficient for the complete processing of sugar supplied to the body. For any type of impaired energy production from glucose, but the mechanism of pathology is different. Therefore, peanuts in diabetes of different types are not used equally.
The benefits of peanuts for diabetics
Using peanuts as a dietary product has a therapeutic effect on patients:
- the concentration of glucose in the blood is reduced due to its ability to enhance the metabolic process,
- increases the rate of fat splitting, which helps to lose those extra pounds,
- cell regeneration improves,
- heart muscle and blood vessels strengthened,
- hormonal balance of the body returns to normal,
- improved functional abilities of the liver,
- normal mental state,
- pressure stabilizes
- sexual potency increases,
- the skin becomes smoother, the nails are less brittle, the hair grows better, the tendency to hair loss decreases,
- function of the visual analyzer improves,
- decreases the number of cholesterol plaques,
- bones and muscles strengthen.
Peanut has the properties:
The unique properties of peanuts due to the high content of various nutrients.
The composition of peanuts is rich in various substances. Proteins contain 26%, fat - 45%, carbohydrates - 9.9%. Dietary fiber and water are present. The chemical composition of the nut has an amazing variety.
- group B - thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine, choline, folic and pantothenic acid,
- C - ascorbic acid,
- E - tocopherol,
- H - biotin
- K - phylloquinone.
Macronutrients - simple chemical compounds that must be present in large quantities to ensure normal functioning. Peanuts contain potassium, calcium, chlorine, phosphorus, silicon, magnesium, sodium, and sulfur.
Trace elements - compounds whose need is exhausted by a microscopic quantity. A set of trace elements in peanuts:
Amino acids form a protein in the body, a key factor in human life. Peanuts contain a large group of essential and essential amino acids, including methionine, cysteine, arginine, glutamic acid, lysine, glycine and others.
Fatty acids are also necessary for the functioning of the human cellular composition. Not all of them are equally useful, but their presence is necessary. In peanuts, polyunsaturated linoleic acid, related to omega-6, and monounsaturated oleic and gadoleic acid, related to omega-9, are present.
Diet control in patients with diabetes includes not only tracking the glycemic index of foods, but also caloric content. The amount consumed depends on the nutritional value. And it is high in peanuts. A hundred grams contains 552 kilocalories. In addition, we must not forget about the fats that make up a significant amount. Therefore, per day is allowed to use the product no more than 50 grams.
Types of peanuts for diabetics
During the acquisition, you must track the quality of the product. Inadequate storage conditions provoke the development of a fungus inside the shell. You can find it when cleaning, if a dusty cloud appears, then the peanut can not be used as food. The fungus secretes aflatoxin, a poisonous substance that has a devastating effect on the liver.
The complex of nutrients is affected by thermal exposure, but the taste is improved, so this type of treatment is more common. Despite the loss, such a product has several advantages:
- increased antioxidant properties
- reduction of allergenicity
- fully preserving tocopherol,
- lack of opportunities for the development of fungus.
But it must be borne in mind that the calorie content of roasted peanuts increases, as does the fiber content.
But peanut butter to eat is prohibited due to the high level of fat. The inability of a complete splitting of glucose to ensure the energy needs of the body forces us to use fats for this purpose. At the same time, ketone bodies are formed that suppress the nervous system. In addition, a fatty product provokes weight gain, which is contraindicated in this pathology.
Any products, especially used for therapeutic purposes, have a set of contraindications:
- individual intolerance,
- peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer,
- varicose veins, increased blood density,
- high degree of obesity
- inflammatory diseases of the joints,
Exceeding the recommended dosage may adversely affect the performance of the liver, especially with concomitant diseases.
Peanuts are a valuable tool in organizing medical nutrition for diabetics. Useful properties of the product proved by numerous studies. But the approach to use must be individual. It is necessary to follow the dosages recommended by doctors, take into account reactions and contraindications. Under all conditions, the use of peanuts will have a healing effect on the body of patients with diabetes.
Raw peanuts are in many cases preferable to roasted and salted, as it contains the highest content of vitamins, which are destroyed by heat treatment. Raw peanuts also contain a loading dose of protein, which is why many athletes use it to build muscle.
In its pure form, nuts contain enzymes that speed up digestion and allow us to assimilate useful substances faster and in full. From the raw product, there are more variations in cooking. For example, peanuts can boil, fry. Walnut in boiled form contains several times more antioxidants than cheese. The only contraindication is nut allergy and indigestion.
Salted peanuts, of course, has the best taste. Especially if there is a taste of bacon, cheese and other things. But diabetics should beware of such a product, as store packaging contains a huge amount of harmful additives, preservatives and other things. If you really want salt, fry the nuts at home and lightly salt it with plain salt. But do not get carried away - with diabetes, salted peanuts is undesirable.
Groundnut and Diabetes
The benefits of peanuts for "sweet" disease is very suspicious. The fact is that a low carbohydrate content does not reduce the calorie content of the product. In 100 g of nuts there is about 550 kcal. A small portion of them can be well satisfied.
With care you need to eat peanuts diabetics with parallel progression of obesity (type 2 disease). A large amount of fat, if used improperly, can lead to an imbalance of lipids. This already creates an additional burden on the liver.
It should also be remembered that in roasted peanuts in type 2 diabetes, there is a potential harm to the body. After heat treatment, many useful characteristics are lost.
Under the influence of heat in the product increases the concentration of "bad" cholesterol. Adding a variety of flavor enhancers or flavors exacerbates the situation. Salty nuts are not recommended for use by diabetics.
With a "sweet" disease, the important characteristics are:
- Glycemic Index (GI). In peanuts, it is 15,
- Calorie - 550 kcal.
Products with a GI below 50 are safe for a diabetic. However, harm from such foods can be caused by disrupting other metabolic processes. Peanuts can be eaten, but in small quantities.
Virtually any substance in nature is dangerous to human health. It all depends on his dose. You can even poison with ordinary water. The negative relationship of peanuts and type 2 diabetes lies in its ability to influence certain metabolic processes inside the body.
Nuts are high in fat and protein. They belong to indigestible substances. Their entry into the body leads to the release of a large number of enzymes. The load on the liver and pancreas increases.
Abuse of peanuts leads to excessive activity of these organs, which negatively affects the general well-being of a person. He may notice the following symptoms:
When these signs appear, it is worth stopping nuts. If necessary, you should consult a doctor for help.
The exact dosage of the product cannot be established. The average rate is considered 50 g per day. The main factors that affect the daily amount of peanuts in a patient’s diet are:
- Stage of development and the degree of complexity of the disease,
- Individual features of the patient. An important role is played by the functional activity of the liver, the presence of other pathologies (hypertension, gastrointestinal diseases and the like),
- The method of cooking nuts.
Peanuts for type 2 diabetes are best consumed raw. It contains a maximum of useful qualities. It is important to store it in a dark dry place (you can in the refrigerator) and not for too long. Otherwise, it may deteriorate.
Nuts are sometimes soaked in water or lemon juice. They can be added to a variety of fruit or vegetable salads. They are used to create diet baking. The main thing - the minimum amount of sugar in it.
Avoid fried peanuts (ready-made snacks) and butter. It can cause significant harm to the patient's carbohydrate metabolism. The risk of a sharp increase in blood glucose concentration increases. Endocrinologists do not recommend using this product.
When self-cooking fried peanuts, you need to apply vegetable oil and a minimum of salt. Buy pre better is a crude product.
When is it better to abstain?
Peanuts are a healthy and tasty kind of nuts. It can be used with "sweet" disease in small quantities. However, there are certain situations when the harm caused by the product far exceeds the potential benefit.
- Liver failure. Because of the violation of the function of this body, it cannot fully take part in the processes of utilization of all substances contained in nuts,
- Tendency to allergies. Peanuts are a powerful antigen. It can cause an inadequate response of the human immune system with the progression of symptoms (skin rash, edema),
- Peptic ulcer or 12 duodenal ulcer. Nuts can mechanically damage the mucous membrane of the structures, aggravating the symptoms,
- Acute pancreatitis. Fats and proteins in the composition of peanuts exert a powerful load on the pancreas. This leads to the release of a large number of enzymes. The pain progresses and the activity of inflammation increases,
- Gout. Nuts stimulate the pathological process. Increases pain and swelling
- Arthrosis and arthritis.
Additionally, you need to remember that peanuts tend to thicken the blood. Therefore, it should be used with caution to people suffering from various diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Increased risk of thrombosis.
If you have questions or concerns about the use of peanuts in diabetes, it is better to consult a doctor beforehand. He will be able to assess the health of a particular patient and will advise how to proceed in such a situation.